mnemonic mental factors


Within a total of seven so-called mnemonic mental factors, memory performance can be significantly increased. These basic factors, which enable learning content to be learned on demand, include

  1. association
  2. fantasy
  3. logic
  4. transformation
  5. visualization
  6. emotion
  7. localization

These mnemonic mental factors can be easily memorized by the acrostic "All Factors Lead To Very Efficient Learning".
Source: You can find more about this in the book of Dr. Gunther Karsten, the first German master of memory.


Mnemonic mental factors



Associations create links between information. Associations can be formed between new content to be learned or between new information to be memorized and data already stored in the long-term memory. For example, the sequence of numbers 8191 can be stored more easily if it can be linked to the end of the First World War.


Fantasy enables the elobarotively decorative presentation of learning content. The more imaginatively the mental image is designed for information, the more lasting it can be stored by the brain. If you want to memorize the German vocabulary "Flasche" (pronounced: fluh-sheh) with its meanings "bottle", you can imagine for example flushing down the content of a bottle down the toiler.


Logic is used to develop a logical understanding of learning content by identifying systemicities. This makes it easier to memorize sequences of numbers such as 24814 if it is recognized that the numbers can be derived from each other by adding 2x1, 2x2, 2x3, etc.


The transformation transforms learning content into easy-to-learn image units (transformation = transformation). In particular, abstract content, which is usually difficult to memorize, can be anchored in the memory through vivid images. A vivid example is the transformation of numbers into images. For example, the number "2" can be mentally linked to a swan.


Using one's own imagination, processes, and learning content can be visualized and stored through mental images. The brain remembers images created in the head (visualization) better and longer than abstract words. Telephone numbers can be memorized more lastingly if they are linked to a pattern when dialling, which can be recalled each time a call is made.


If events or information connect to strong emotions, these remain in the memory over a particularly long period of time. Emotions play an important role in memory and can be used in learning through emotionally charged images.


Localization assigns learning content to specific places in a familiar environment (e.g. your own home). During a mental walk through this environment, the learning content can even be retrieved in a certain order. In particular, the so-called method of loci uses this factor very effectively to memorize a wide variety of information.


Image source: Suwalszczyzna, Poland. By lornzo via